Area of origin: Mountains of central Europe; in cold wet mountains (Northern Alps, Jura and Vosges) in meridional mountains (Southern Alps) and Scandinavia.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 50m (164'), width up to 15m(49,2').
Soil Type: Dislikes lime.
Hardiness: Dislikes dry or polluted air. Hardy to -28°C.
Exposure: Full sun.
Properties and uses:
Planted alone in parks and gardens. It is also used to create beautiful avenues. It is also grown for Christmas Trees. It is a very important tree within forests throughout Europe. The wood is widely used in carpentry and papermaking.
List of Spruces:
• Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens), bluish needles, conical shape, dislikes chalky soil
• Dwarf Alberta White Spruce (Picea Glauca 'Conica'), dwarf conifer, light green soft needles in spring and grey green in winter, wide conical shape
• Serbian Spruce, is easily recognised with its narrow weeping shape. Its fruits are conical
• Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), green and silvery grey needles, wide shape