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Pine, Scots   /   Pinus sylvestris

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Everything about: Pine, Scots

Scots Pine –
Pinus sylvestris (latin)
Scots Pine - Pinus sylvestris

Geographical origins: A vast area from Spain and Scandinavia to the Caucasus.

Adult dimensions: Height up to 30 m (98,4'), width up to 15 m (49,2').

Foliage: Evergreen.

Type of soil: All except marly lime.

Hardiness: Hardy -36°C.

Exposure: Full sun.

Characteristics and uses:
The salmon coloured bark, the height of the trunk and the blue-green foliage all make this an excellent ornamental tree planted alone. Bonsai enthusiasts enjoy working on this variety. Essential to forestry this tree is very hardy . In France, the forest of Orleans or that of Haguenau are excellent examples of this tree. The wood is white with a red centre and has numerous uses. The needles come in pairs. The distillation of the needles produces an oil that is used in perfumery and for inhalation.

List of Pines:
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), extremely resistant to drought conditions, hardy to -10°C
Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra austriaca), dark bark and foliage
Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis), very decorative pine has smooth white and grey bark
Calabrian Pine (Pinus nigra calabrica), humid or chalky soil
Chinese White pine (Pinus armandii), is a rare tree that is often grown by collectors or bonsai lovers
Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra corsicana), dislikes chalky soil
Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), its bark is crimson brown
Dwarf Mugo Mughus Pine (Pinus mugo mughus), spreading shape, adult height 1,50m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Dwarf Mugo Pumilio Pine (Pinus mugo pumilio), spreading shape, adult height 5m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), grey green foliage, pyramidal shape, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana), its wood is used for construction and wood pulp
Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii), it responds very well to cutting and miniaturising
Japanese Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), gets its name from its bark which becomes a reddish brown colour with age
Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi), brown bark that is covered with irregular furrows and gives off a scent of lemon and vanilla
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), the ideal candidate for growing as a bonsai
Lace back pine (Pinus bungeana), its bark is made up of greyish green or crimson red plates like those of the plane tree
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster), dislikes chalky soil
Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata), beautiful ornamental tree, pale foliage, hardy to -15°C
Mountain pine (Pinus montana uncinata), dark bark and foliage
Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), umbrella shaped
Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis Jones), collectors' tree, acidic soil, hardy to -12°C

See the Pine catalogue
See also the Fir Trees
www.planfor.co.uk
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