Areas of origin: Central and southern Europe, Asia Minor. Indigenous to France.
Adult dimensions: Height up to 10m, width up to 10m (32.8').
Type of soil: All.
Hardiness: Hardy to -23°C.
Exposure: Semi-shade to full sun.
Properties and uses:
Early bright yellow flowers before the leaves in February and March. Equally good planted alone or within a hedge. The nectar is early in the season. Bright red fruits in the summer are edible in conserves. Medicinal uses, astringent tonic.
List of Cornus:
• Bloodtwig Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea), off white blossom in May - June, red stems in winter.
• Chinese Dogwood (Cornus kousa), small white flowers in May - June, red foliage in the autumn.
• Chinese 'Satomi' Dogwood (Cornus kousa 'Satomi'), remarkable pink blossom in May-June, Its foliage takes on beautiful red tints in the autumn.
• Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), superb star shaped blossom at the beginning of spring, red foliage in the autumn.
• Japanese Cornel Dogwood (Cornus officinalis), yellow blossom, abundant and scented as early as February, edible berries.
• Red Barked Dogwood (Cornus alba), The young bright red branches are very decorative in winter. Creamy white flowers in May and June.
• Wedding Cake Tree (Cornus Controversa Variegata), Magnificent variegated green and off white foliage that will take a red tint in the autumn. It has a spreading shape and an extremely sculptural aspect. Abundant blossom from May to June.