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Yew, common   /   Taxus baccata

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 European Yew or Common Yew or English Yew - Taxus baccata   (latin)

 European Yew - Common Yew - English Yew - Taxus baccata

Area of origin: Northern Europe, Africa, Asia Minor, Caucasus, up to 1500m (1640') altitude.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 20m (65,6'), width up to 10m (32,8').
Foliage: Evergreen
Soil Type: Any except very dry or very wet.
Hardiness: Hardy up to -20°C.
Exposure: Shade to full sun.

 European Yew - Common Yew - English Yew - Taxus baccata

 European Yew - Common Yew -  English Yew - Taxus baccata

Characteristics and Uses: The dark green foliage and its ability to be cut into shape precisely, make this an excellent ornamental tree for any park or garden, as a hedge or planted alone.  It is a slow growing plant but very effective, even in a container at the house entrance or on a balcony or terrace.  It can live for 1500 years. The wood is very tough and is popular for numerous uses such as wood turning, sculpture and veneers as it  doesn’t split easily. The seed and the leaves are all toxic.   

Other plants used for hedges compositions :
Abelia grandiflora, beautiful pinkish white blossom throughout summer
Box Leaved Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida), beautiful foliage reminiscent of the box tree, ideal in low hedges
Common Box (Buxus sempervirens), shiny green foliage, long life expectancy, ideal in low hedges

Common Gorse (Ulex europaeus), abundant and fragrant blossom, ideal for defensive hedges, dislikes chalky soil
Common Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus 'Rotundifolia'), bright green foliage, white blossom in clusters, dislikes chalky soil
Dwarf Japanese mock orange, height up to 1m. White flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Eleagnus ebbingei (Elaeagnus ebbingei), extremely fragrant white flowers from September through to December, silvery green foliage
Escallonia 'Iveyi'), fragrant white blossom from July through to September, hardy to -10°C
Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), extremely beautiful marcescent foliage
Japanese Mock Orange (Pittosporum tobira), white flowers,  with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C

Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), evergreen foliage, white blossom from November through to April
Lawson Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), conical shape and dense foliage, its bark smells like citronella, dislikes chalky soil
Leyland Cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii), rapid growth, extremely hardy
Oval Leaved Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium), white flowers in July, in panicle, semi-evergreen foliage, hardy to -30°C
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin', juvenile red shoots, white umbrella shaped blossom in spring, dislikes chalky soil and harsh frosts
Portugal Laurel (Prunus lusitanica), white blossom in June, shiny green foliage

Red Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'atropurpurea'), crimson foliage and yellow flowers with hints of red in the spring, ideal in protective hedges, deciduous

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