Area of origin: Southern Ontario, Central and Eastern United States. Introduced into Europe in 1908.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 45 m (148'), width up to 35m (115').
Soil Type: All, but prefers alluvial ground.
Hardiness: Tolerant to -20°C.
Exposure: Full light.
Characteristics and Uses:
This big oak tree has a very straight trunk and an open and rounded shape. The dark green shiny leaves become bright red in autumn. The leaves can measure up to 18cm (7,2") long and 13cm (5,3") wide. The acorns are round and can measure up to 2.8cm. They take 2 years to ripen. This oak grows better in moist soils than Quercus rubra, and also grows more rapidly.
It was named in 1860 in honour of M.SHUMARD, a geologist from the state of Texas.
The ornamental qualities of this tree make it excellent for planting in rows. The red brown coloured wood is strong and heavy. It is used for veneering and in furniture making.
List of Oaks:
Black Oak (Quercus velutina or Quercus tinctoria)
, black bark near surface
Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
Chinese Cork Oak (Quercus variabilis or Quercus bungeana)
, marcescent foliage, dark green with silvery underside, golden in autumn
Cork Oak (Quercus suber)
, evergreen foliage, dislikes chalky soil and harsh winters
Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)
, bushy tree, evergreen foliage, dislikes chalky soil
Cypress oak (Quercus robur 'Fastigiata')
, superb erect shape, to be planted on its own or aligned
Downy Oak or pubescent Oak (Quercus pubescens)
, grey leaves, good quality heating wood
Garry oak or Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana)
Holm Oak or Holly Oak (Quercus ilex)
, prickly leaves that look like holly leaves, evergreen foliage
Hungarian Oak or Italian Oak (Quercus frainetto or Quercus farnetto)
, pretty dark green foliage with green grey underside, dislikes chalky soil
Japanese blue oak (Quercus glauca)
Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii)
Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur or Quercus pedonculata)
, rapid growth, dislikes summer droughts
Pin Oak or Swamp Spanish Oak (Quercus palustris)
, shiny green foliage, bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Portuguese Oak (Quercus faginea)
Pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica)
Red Oak or Northern Red Oak or Champion Oak (Quercus rubra or Quercus borealis)
, large dark green leaves, rapid growth, dislikes chalky soil and too much humidity
Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
, shiny green foliage, turning bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Serrata oak (Quercus serrata)
Sessile Oak or Durmast Oak (Quercus petraea or Quercus sessiliflora)
Shingle Oak (Quercus imbricaria)
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor or quercus platanoides)
, shiny dark green leaves with grey downy undersides, turning browny red with pink underside in autumn
Truffle Downy Oak (Quercus pubescens Truffle)
Truffle Holm Oak (Quercus ilex Truffle)
, produces truffles when all the right conditions are met
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris)
, dark green foliage resistant to powdery mildew, the acorn is surrounded by what looks like hairy tightly packed scales
Ubame Oak (Quercus phillyreoïdes)
, likes chalky soil, shiny dark green leaves
Willow oak (Quercus myrsineafolia or Quercus phellos)
, long and fine leaves, dislikes chalky soil
Woolly-leaved Oak (Quercus lanata)
, twisted trunk, likes acidic soil
See the Oaks catalogue