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Pine, Jack   /   Pinus banksiana

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Everything about: Pine, Jack

Jack pine –
Pinus banksiana (latin)
Jack pine - Pinus banksiana


Geographical origins: Canada, Northern United States. Introduced in to Europe in 1883.

Adult dimensions: Height up to 20 m, width up to 10 m.

Foliage: Evergreen, needles regrouped by 2.

Type of soil: Light and acidic.

Hardiness: Hardy to -36°C.

Exposure: Full sun.

Jack pine - Pinus banksiana

Author: Keith Kanoti

Characteristics and uses:
In Canada the Jack pine is mainly grown for its wood. Irregular furrows mark its reddish brown bark and its needles are pale green to yellow in colour. Its cones can last for up to 15 years. This medium sized pine has a conical shape and would be ideal in a large garden, grown either as a specimen or in a small group. Its wood is used for construction and wood pulp.

List of Pines:
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), extremely resistant to drought conditions, hardy to -10°C
Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra austriaca), dark bark and foliage
Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis), very decorative pine has smooth white and grey bark
Calabrian Pine (Pinus nigra calabrica), humid or chalky soil
Chinese White pine (Pinus armandii), is a rare tree that is often grown by collectors or bonsai lovers
Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra corsicana), dislikes chalky soil
Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), its bark is crimson brown
Dwarf Mugo Mughus Pine (Pinus mugo mughus), spreading shape, adult height 1,50m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Dwarf Mugo Pumilio Pine (Pinus mugo pumilio), spreading shape, adult height 5m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), grey green foliage, pyramidal shape, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii), it responds very well to cutting and miniaturising
Japanese Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), gets its name from its bark which becomes a reddish brown colour with age
Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi), brown bark that is covered with irregular furrows and gives off a scent of lemon and vanilla
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), the ideal candidate for growing as a bonsai
Lace back pine (Pinus bungeana), its bark is made up of greyish green or crimson red plates like those of the plane tree
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster), dislikes chalky soil
Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata), beautiful ornamental tree, pale foliage, hardy to -15°C
Mountain pine (Pinus montana uncinata), dark bark and foliage
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), salmon coloured bark and bluish green foliage
Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), umbrella shaped
Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis Jones), collectors' tree, acidic soil, hardy to -12°C

See the Pine catalogue
See also the Fir Trees
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