Area of origin: Europe, western and Northern Asia.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 5m (16,4'), width up to 6m (19,7').
Soil Type: All except very wet.
Hardiness: Hardy to -40°C.
Exposure: Full sun.
Properties and uses:
This little tree is very bushy. The red-black fruits measure 6-8mm and are very purgatives. An interesting plant to use within a country hedge.