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Pine, Austrian   /   Pinus nigra austriaca

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Everything about: Pine, Austrian

Austrian Pine –
Pinus nigra austriaca or Pinus nigra nigra (latin)
Austrian Pine - Pinus nigra austriaca - Pinus nigra nigra

Geographical origins: Rocky escarpments in mountains from the Alpes to the Balkans.

Adult dimensions: Height up to 25 m (82'), width up to 15 m (49,2').

Foliage: Evergreen.

Type of soil: Any.

Hardiness: Hardy to -24°C.

Exposure: Full sun.

Austrian Pine - Pinus nigra austriaca - Pinus nigra nigra
Austrian Pine - Pinus nigra austriaca - Pinus nigra nigra

Characteristics and uses:
The dark colour of the bark and the foliage are what gives this tree its name. Its right trunk and the numerous large branches make this tree very attractive in parks and gardens. It is planted alone or in groups. Bonsai enthusiasts often work on this tree. The wood is durable with lots of knots that make the branches important. It is nevertheless essential in forestry because of its hardiness, and tolerance to lime and dryness. The needles come in pairs.

List of Pines:
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), extremely resistant to drought conditions, hardy to -10°C
Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis), very decorative pine has smooth white and grey bark
Calabrian Pine (Pinus nigra calabrica), humid or chalky soil
Chinese White pine (Pinus armandii), is a rare tree that is often grown by collectors or bonsai lovers
Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra corsicana), dislikes chalky soil
Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), its bark is crimson brown
Dwarf Mugo Mughus Pine (Pinus mugo mughus), spreading shape, adult height 1,50m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Dwarf Mugo Pumilio Pine (Pinus mugo pumilio), spreading shape, adult height 5m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), grey green foliage, pyramidal shape, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana), its wood is used for construction and wood pulp
Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii), it responds very well to cutting and miniaturising
Japanese Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), gets its name from its bark which becomes a reddish brown colour with age
Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi), brown bark that is covered with irregular furrows and gives off a scent of lemon and vanilla
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), the ideal candidate for growing as a bonsai
Lace back pine (Pinus bungeana), its bark is made up of greyish green or crimson red plates like those of the plane tree
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster), dislikes chalky soil
Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata), beautiful ornamental tree, pale foliage, hardy to -15°C
Mountain pine (Pinus montana uncinata), dark bark and foliage
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), salmon coloured bark and bluish green foliage
Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), umbrella shaped
Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis Jones), collectors' tree, acidic soil, hardy to -12°C

See the Pine catalogue
See also the Fir Trees
www.planfor.co.uk
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Pépinières PLANFOR
RD 651
40090 UCHACQ - FRANCE
Tel : (020).7660.0178
Fax : 0033 558 064 854