Areas of origin: Europe, from Norway to Sicily.
Adult Dimensions: Height up
to 30 metres (98.4'), width up to 20 metres (65.6').
Soil Type: All.
Hardiness: Hardy to -40°C. Pioneering species on light soils, burnt or cleared areas.
Exposure: Full sun.
Speed of growth: Up to 1 metre in the first year.
Properties and uses:
The leaves of this beautiful tree become yellow in autumn. The white bark of mature trees has deep crevices across the base This is a vigorous tree which can be planted alone, in a group or within a windbreak hedge. It is also a medicinal plant containing betulin and is used as a diuretic, or for treating rheumatism. Leaves are used to make tisanes or as a compress.
• Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis), in winter, its bark will peel off in long strips of brown, copper, rose or white
• Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera), white bark, smooth and silky, pretty golden yellow foliage colour in the autumn