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Box, common / Buxus sempervirens
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Common Box or European Box -
Buxus sempervirens (latin)
Areas of Origin : Southern Europe, Western Asia and northern Africa.
Adult Dimensions : Height up to 6 metres (19.7'), width up to 5 metres (16.4').
Foliage : Evergreen.
Soil Type : All.
Hardiness : Hardy to -24°C.
Exposure : Shade, semi-shade and full sun.
Characteristics and Uses : The Common box is a slow growing plant that lives a very long time. Its lemon yellowy bark with its fine grain is actively sought by wood turners and woodcutters.
It has been used a great deal during the 17th and 18th centuries in "French Gardens".
The Common box allows the creation of very dense hedges easy to maintain at a given height and make their owners proud. To keep the density of a Common Box hedge, it is necessary to prune it twice a year: once at the beginning of autumn, once at the end of spring. If left unpruned, the Common Box has a tendency to grow too tall and become sparse. Choose preferably a cloudy day or indeed after a rainy day to prune.
The Common Box can be pruned into conical, pyramidal or ball shapes (topiary art).
Regardless of its shape, it will be a focal point in your entrance or your garden.
It has become an undisputed specimen for balconies decoration.
The Common Box is one of those plants that can be given as present all year round and never goes out of fashion.
See also our Decorative Common Box selection
Other plants used for hedges compositions :
Abelia grandiflora, beautiful pinkish white blossom throughout summer
Box Leaved Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida), beautiful foliage reminiscent of
the box tree, ideal in low hedges
Common Gorse (Ulex europaeus), abundant and fragrant blossom, ideal for
defensive hedges, dislikes chalky soil
Common Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus 'Rotundifolia'), bright green foliage,
white blossom in clusters, dislikes chalky soil
Common Yew (Taxus baccata), dark green foliage, toxic red berries and
Dwarf Japanese mock orange, height up to 1m. White flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Eleagnus ebbingei (Elaeagnus ebbingei), extremely fragrant white flowers
from September through to December, silvery green foliage
Escallonia 'Iveyi'), fragrant white blossom from July through to September,
hardy to -10°C
Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), extremely beautiful marcescent foliage
Japanese Mock Orange (Pittosporum tobira), white flowers, with the
fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), evergreen foliage, white blossom from November
through to April
Lawson Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana),
conical shape and dense foliage, its bark smells like citronella, dislikes
Leyland Cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii), rapid growth, extremely hardy
Oval Leaved Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium), white flowers in July, in
panicle, semi-evergreen foliage, hardy to -30°C
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin', juvenile red shoots, white umbrella shaped
blossom in spring, dislikes chalky soil and harsh frosts
Portugal Laurel (Prunus lusitanica), white blossom in June, shiny green
Red Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'atropurpurea'), crimson foliage
and yellow flowers with hints of red in the spring, ideal in protective hedges,
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