Area of origin : Coastal regions of California. From sea level to 1400m (1531yds) altitude. Introduced into Europe in 1849.
Adult Dimensions : Height up to 25 m (82'), width up to 13 m (42,6). Often grows shrubby.
Foliage : Evergreen.
Soil Type : All except that with too much lime.
Hardiness : Tolerant to -17°C.
Exposure : Full Light.
Characteristics and Uses : This is a bushy tree with a rounded shape and curved branches. Similar to the evergreen oak this species has developed on the sea coast. This tree is the most typical of the Pacific Coast of the United States of America. The acorns can measure up to 3.5cm (1,4') long.
List of Oaks:
Black Oak (Quercus velutina or Quercus tinctoria)
, black bark near surface
Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
Chinese Cork Oak (Quercus variabilis or Quercus bungeana)
, marcescent foliage, dark green with silvery underside, golden in autumn
Cork Oak (Quercus suber)
, evergreen foliage, dislikes chalky soil and harsh winters
Cypress oak (Quercus robur 'Fastigiata')
, superb erect shape, to be planted on its own or aligned
Downy Oak or pubescent Oak (Quercus pubescens)
, grey leaves, good quality heating wood
Garry oak or Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana)
Holm Oak or Holly Oak (Quercus ilex)
, prickly leaves that look like holly leaves, evergreen foliage
Hungarian Oak or Italian Oak (Quercus frainetto or Quercus farnetto)
, pretty dark green foliage with green grey underside, dislikes chalky soil
Japanese blue oak (Quercus glauca)
Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii)
Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur or Quercus pedonculata)
, rapid growth, dislikes summer droughts
Pin Oak or Swamp Spanish Oak (Quercus palustris)
, shiny green foliage, bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Portuguese Oak (Quercus faginea)
Pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica)
Red Oak or Northern Red Oak or Champion Oak (Quercus rubra or Quercus borealis)
, large dark green leaves, rapid growth, dislikes chalky soil and too much humidity
Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
, shiny green foliage, turning bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Serrata oak (Quercus serrata)
Sessile Oak or Durmast Oak (Quercus petraea or Quercus sessiliflora)
Shingle Oak (Quercus imbricaria)
Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii)
, bright red foliage in autumn
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor or quercus platanoides)
, shiny dark green leaves with grey downy undersides, turning browny red with pink underside in autumn
Truffle Downy Oak (Quercus pubescens Truffle)
Truffle Holm Oak (Quercus ilex Truffle)
, produces truffles when all the right conditions are met
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris)
, dark green foliage resistant to powdery mildew, the acorn is surrounded by what looks like hairy tightly packed scales
Ubame Oak (Quercus phillyreoïdes)
, likes chalky soil, shiny dark green leaves
Willow oak (Quercus myrsineafolia or Quercus phellos)
, long and fine leaves, dislikes chalky soil
Woolly-leaved Oak (Quercus lanata)
, twisted trunk, likes acidic soil
See the Oaks catalogue