Areas of origin: Western regions of North America, Oregon, California from 0 to 1500 m (1640yds). Introduced in 1854.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 50 m (164'), width up to 20 m (65.6').
Soil Type: Light.
Hardiness: Hardy to -32°C. Dislikes long periods of dryness.
Exposure: Full sun.
Characteristics and Uses: Magnificent tree planted alone with its conical shape and dense foliage. Pruning must be started early to achieve a dense hedge. The wood has a citronella fragrance, it is creamy white, light and strong.
List of Cypress:
Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum), deciduous foliage, acid and humid soil, browny yellow foliage in the autumn
Boulevard Sawara False Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Boulevard'), dwarf conifer, rounded weeping shape,
bright green foliage with hints of white
Italian Pencil Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens 'stricta'), narrow columnar shape
Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens pyramidalis), narrow columnar shape
Lawson Cypress 'Columnaris Glauca' (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Columnaris Glauca'), dwarf conifer, conical shape, blue grey foliage
Lawson Cypress 'Ellwoodii' (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Ellwoodii'), dwarf conifer, conical shape, green grey foliage
Lawson Cypress 'Ellwood's Gold' (Chamaecyaris lawsoniana 'Elwood's Gold'), dwarf conifer, conical shape, golden green foliage
Leyland Cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii), rapid growth, often used in hedges, extremely hardy
Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), rapid growth, spreading shape increasing with age, citronella scented needles,
can be used in a hedge
See the Cypress catalogue
Other plants used for hedges compositions:
Abelia grandiflora, beautiful pinkish white blossom throughout summer
Box Leaved Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida), beautiful foliage reminiscent of the box tree, ideal in low hedges
Common Box (Buxus sempervirens), shiny green foliage, long life expectancy, ideal in low hedges
Common Gorse (Ulex europaeus), abundant and fragrant blossom, ideal for defensive hedges, dislikes chalky soil
Common Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus 'Rotundifolia'), bright green foliage, white blossom in clusters, dislikes chalky soil
Common Yew (Taxus baccata), dark green foliage, toxic red berries and foliage
Dwarf Japanese mock orange, height up to 1m. White flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Eleagnus ebbingei (Elaeagnus ebbingei), extremely fragrant white flowers from September through to December, silvery green foliage
Escallonia 'Iveyi'), fragrant white blossom from July through to September, hardy to -10°C
Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), extremely beautiful marcescent foliage
Japanese Mock Orange (Pittosporum tobira), white flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), evergreen foliage, white blossom from November through to April
Leyland Cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii), rapid growth, extremely hardy
Oval Leaved Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium), white flowers in July, in panicle, semi-evergreen foliage, hardy to -30°C
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin', juvenile red shoots, white umbrella shaped blossom in spring, dislikes chalky soil and harsh frosts
Portugal Laurel (Prunus lusitanica), white blossom in June, shiny green foliage
Red Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'atropurpurea'), crimson foliage and yellow flowers with hints of red in the spring, ideal in protective hedges, deciduous