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Hazel, common   /   Corylus avellana

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Common Hazel -
Corylus avellana (latin)

Area of origin : Europe.
Adult Dimensions : Height up to 5m, width up to 5 m (16.4')
Foliage : Deciduous
Soil Type: Fertile
Hardiness: Hardy to -28°C.
Exposure: Full sun.

Common Hazel - Corylus avellana Common Hazel - Corylus avellana


Common Hazel - Corylus avellana
Characteristics and Uses :
This tree is indispensable in country hedges and in windbreak hedges.  It can also be planted alone. The fruits are mature in September and October.  Productivity has been increased through the development of numerous cultivars ( Round nuts ‘Ronde du Piemont, long nuts ‘ Gunslebert or Cosford).  France produces 1,800 tonnes whilst Italy produces 100,000 tonnes and Turkey 270,00 tonnes.

List of Hazels :
Corkscrew Hazel (corylus avellana contorta), twisted branches, covered with catkins at the end of winter, does not produce fruits
Truffle Hazel (corylus avellana truffle), edible fruits, only produces truffles when all the right conditions are met
Turkish Hazel (corylus colurna), conical shaped tree, fruits of no interest
List of trees and shrubs with edible fruits :
Black Chokeberry 'Viking' (Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking'), slightly acidic berries, purple black used in jam-making
Blueberry Bush 'Jersey' (Vaccinium corymbosum 'Jersey'), slightly acidic fruits, from August
Common Walnut (Juglans regia),  nuts from end of October, delicious in salads
'Jenny' Self Fertile Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis 'Jenny'), hardy to -12°C
Pineapple Guava (Feijoa sellowiana), fruits rich in vitamin C and pineapple taste, only grows in warm climate areas
Raspberry 'Fall Gold' (Rubus idaeus 'Fall Gold'), soft fruits, fragrant, orangey yellow, double cropping and self-fertile variety
Raspberry 'Heritage' (Rubus idaeus 'Heritage'), soft and fragrant fruits, double cropping and self - fertile variety
Red Chokeberry 'Brilliant' (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliant'), bright red fruits from the Autumn
Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo), hardy to -12°C, its fruits look like a strawberry
Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), extremely decorative fruits, rich in vitamin C
Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa), edible fruits when grilled
White Mulberry (Morus alba), pinkish white fruits, sweet
Edible Hedge 'Ophélie', provides edible red fruits throughout the summer

See the catalogue of tree and shrubs with edible fruits
The Corylus avellana is used in the following hedges :
Wind Break Hedge,
Country Hedge 'Pierre'
www.planfor.co.uk
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