Area of origin : Europe.
Adult Dimensions : Height up to 5m, width up to 5 m (16.4')
Foliage : Deciduous
Soil Type: Fertile
Hardiness: Hardy to -28°C.
Exposure: Full sun.
Properties and uses:
This tree is indispensable in country hedges and in windbreak hedges. It can also be planted alone. The fruits are mature in September and October. Productivity has been increased through the development of numerous cultivars ( Round nuts ‘Ronde du Piemont, long nuts ‘ Gunslebert or Cosford). France produces 1,800 tonnes whilst Italy produces 100,000 tonnes and Turkey 270,00 tonnes.
The different varieties:
The Hazel Bush 'Fertile de Coultard': This Hazel bush produces big, round, flavoursome fruits which reach maturity mid-September. This variety is vigorous and highly productive.
The Hazelnut Bush 'Fertile de Nottingham': This Hazelnut tree produces medium sized, elongated fruits which reach maturity in September. Highly productive variety.
The Hazel Bush 'Géant de Halle': This hazel bush produces large, round fruits which reach maturity end of August. It tolerates shade.
The Hazel Bush 'Longue d'Espagne': This cold resistant Hazel bush produces big, long and sweet fruits which reach maturity mid-September. Productive variety.
List of Hazels :
• Corkscrew Hazel (corylus avellana contorta), twisted branches, covered with catkins at the end of winter, does not produce fruits.
• Turkish Hazel (corylus colurna), conical shaped tree, fruits of no interest.
• Scarlet Hazel (corylus maxima purpurea), In August – September it produces large tasty hazel nuts.
• Truffle hazel - Tuber melanosporum (corylus avellana - tuber melanosporum), edible fruits, only produces truffles when all the right conditions are met.
• Truffle Hazel - Tuber uncinatum (corylus avellana - tuber uncinatum), edible fruits, only produces truffles when all the right conditions are met.