Area of origin: Europe.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 20 m (65.6'), width up to 15 m (49.2').
Soil Type: Clayey and moist.
Hardiness: Hardy to -20°C.
Exposure: Shade to full sun.
Characteristics and Uses: The foliage of the Hornbeam dries out in the autumn but remains on the branches nearly all winter. It is called “marcescent”. It is used planted alone in parks and gardens and also in mixed windbreak hedges or screening hedges, as a group. The Hornbeam lends itself to pruning. Bonsai connoisseurs often work with it. It is also particularly good in reforestation mixed with other species.
Other plants used for hedges compositions:
Abelia grandiflora, beautiful pinkish white blossom throughout summer
Box Leaved Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida), beautiful foliage reminiscent of the box tree, ideal in low hedges
Common Box (Buxus sempervirens), shiny green foliage, long life expectancy,
ideal in low hedges
Common Gorse (Ulex europaeus), abundant and fragrant blossom, ideal for
defensive hedges, dislikes chalky soil
Common Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus 'Rotundifolia'), bright green foliage, white blossom in clusters, dislikes chalky soil
Common Yew (Taxus baccata), dark green foliage, toxic red berries and
Dwarf Japanese mock orange, height up to 1m. White flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Eleagnus ebbingei (Elaeagnus ebbingei), extremely fragrant white flowers from September through to December, silvery green foliage
Escallonia 'Iveyi'), fragrant white blossom from July through to September, hardy to -10°C
Japanese Mock Orange (Pittosporum tobira), white flowers, with the fragrance of orange blossom, dark bright green foliage, hardy to -10°C
Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), evergreen foliage, white blossom from November through to April
Lawson Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), conical shape and dense foliage, its bark smells like citronella, dislikes chalky soil
Leyland Cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii), rapid growth, extremely hardy
Oval Leaved Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium), white flowers in July, in panicle, semi-evergreen foliage, hardy to -30°C
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin', juvenile red shoots, white umbrella shaped blossom in spring, dislikes chalky soil and harsh frosts
Portugal Laurel (Prunus lusitanica), white blossom in June, shiny green foliage
Red Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'atropurpurea'), crimson foliage and yellow flowers with hints of red in the spring, ideal in protective hedges, deciduous