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Pine, maritime   /   Pinus pinaster

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Maritime Pine –
Pinus pinaster (latin)
Maritime Pine - Pinus pinaster

Geographical origins: The Atlantic region of Portugal to the North of Brittany, the Mediterranean and North Africa.

Adult dimensions: Height up to 30 m (98,4), width up to 10 m (32,8').

Foliage: Evergreen.

Type of soil: All except lime.

Hardiness: Hardy to -25°C.

Exposure: Full sun.

Maritime Pine - Pinus pinaster
Maritime Pine - Pinus pinaster

Characteristics and uses:
The cultivated forest in the Landes de Gascogne in the south west of France is mainly pin maritime. This tree is the most important cultivated tree in Europe. The Maritime Pine grows rapidly. The wood is used for carpentry, cabinet making, and papermaking. The museum "Graine de Forêt” at Garein in the Landes (www.grainedeforet.fr), is devoted to this tree. It is planted alone in parks. The needles come in pairs..

List of Pines:
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), extremely resistant to drought conditions, hardy to -10°C
Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra austriaca), dark bark and foliage
Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis), very decorative pine has smooth white and grey bark
Calabrian Pine (Pinus nigra calabrica), humid or chalky soil
Chinese White pine (Pinus armandii), is a rare tree that is often grown by collectors or bonsai lovers
Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra corsicana), dislikes chalky soil
Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), its bark is crimson brown
Dwarf Mugo Mughus Pine (Pinus mugo mughus), spreading shape, adult height 1,50m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Dwarf Mugo Pumilio Pine (Pinus mugo pumilio), spreading shape, adult height 5m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), grey green foliage, pyramidal shape, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana), its wood is used for construction and wood pulp
Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii), it responds very well to cutting and miniaturising
Japanese Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), gets its name from its bark which becomes a reddish brown colour with age
Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi), brown bark that is covered with irregular furrows and gives off a scent of lemon and vanilla
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), the ideal candidate for growing as a bonsai
Lace back pine (Pinus bungeana), its bark is made up of greyish green or crimson red plates like those of the plane tree
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata), beautiful ornamental tree, pale foliage, hardy to -15°C
Mountain pine (Pinus montana uncinata), dark bark and foliage
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), salmon coloured bark and bluish green foliage
Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), umbrella shaped
Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis Jones), collectors' tree, acidic soil, hardy to -12°C

See the Pine catalogue
See also the Fir Trees
www.planfor.co.uk
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