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Crocus Saffron - Crocus Sativa

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Crocus Saffron - Crocus Sativus (latin)

Geographic origins: Europe, Asia.
Adult size: Up to 10 cm.
Foliage: Deciduous.
Type of soil: All, prefers light and moist soil.
Climate: Hardy.
Position: Full sun.

Characteristics and uses:
You plant the Crocus saffron at the end of summer, approximately 10cm deep, for an autumn harvest, two month later. It offers pretty purple corollas flowers with red stamens. These stamens have to be delicately harvested and dried before being kept in a hermetic jar.
Leave the foliage as this will allow the bulbs to renew their strength to blossom again the following year...
You need approximately 150 flowers to obtain 1 gram of saffron.

As soon as the cold weather ends in January and February, the crocuses will open their corolla and fan out their petals to welcome the spring sunshine.
Plant the bulbs between September and December in tight groups about 10cm apart with a handful of sand. This helps them establish their roots and flower earlier. After flowering wait for the foliage to die down completely before cutting it off.
Crocuses are very happy in lawns, rockeries and pots.

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