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Pine, Coulter   /   Pinus coulteri

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Everything about: Pine, Coulter

Coulter Pine –
Pinus coulteri (latin)
Coulter Pine - Pinus coulteri

Author: Eugene Zelenko

Geographical origins: California, Northwestern Mexico. Introduced in to Europe in 1832 by D.Douglas.

Adult dimensions: Height up to 20 m, width up to 25 m.

Foliage: Evergreen, needles by 3.

Type of soil: Any, well drained.

Hardiness: Hardy to -15°C.

Exposure: Full sun.

Coulter Pine - Pinus coulteri

Author: Eugene Zelenko

Characteristics and uses:
This tree is rather slow growing. The male flower is initially scarlet becoming yellow as it opens, the female flower is red. It has large cones that are 30cm long, 10cm wide and weigh 2.5kg. The needles of this pine are very long (up to 25 cm). The bark is crimson brown. This pine has a conical shape when it is young but it spreads out, as it gets bigger. The Coulter pine is generally found in parks and gardens.

List of Pines:
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), extremely resistant to drought conditions, hardy to -10°C
Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra austriaca), dark bark and foliage
Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis), very decorative pine has smooth white and grey bark
Calabrian Pine (Pinus nigra calabrica), humid or chalky soil
Chinese White pine (Pinus armandii), is a rare tree that is often grown by collectors or bonsai lovers
Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra corsicana), dislikes chalky soil
Dwarf Mugo Mughus Pine (Pinus mugo mughus), spreading shape, adult height 1,50m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Dwarf Mugo Pumilio Pine (Pinus mugo pumilio), spreading shape, adult height 5m, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), grey green foliage, pyramidal shape, sought after by bonsai connoisseurs
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana), its wood is used for construction and wood pulp
Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii), it responds very well to cutting and miniaturising
Japanese Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), gets its name from its bark which becomes a reddish brown colour with age
Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi), brown bark that is covered with irregular furrows and gives off a scent of lemon and vanilla
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), the ideal candidate for growing as a bonsai
Lace back pine (Pinus bungeana), its bark is made up of greyish green or crimson red plates like those of the plane tree
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster), dislikes chalky soil
Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata), beautiful ornamental tree, pale foliage, hardy to -15°C
Mountain pine (Pinus montana uncinata), dark bark and foliage
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), salmon coloured bark and bluish green foliage
Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), umbrella shaped
Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis Jones), collectors' tree, acidic soil, hardy to -12°C

See the Pine catalogue
See also the Fir Trees
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