Olea Europea (latin)
Area of origin: Mediterranean region. The cultivated olive was introduced into France by the Phoenicians during the construction of Marseilles around 500BC.
Adult Dimensions: Height up to 15m (49,2'), width up to 8 m (26,2').
Soil Type: Avoid excessively wet ground drain if necessary.
Hardiness: Tolerant to -15°C, do not hesitate to use straw to cover ground in case of severe winter.
Exposure: Full sun.
Characteristics and Uses: The olive tree enjoys the sun in the garden or on the balcony. This millennial tree is a symbol of peace and it has a fascinating history.
It is often planted alone with lavender and rosemary or in a container in which it can be well drained. The olive tree flowers in May and June the little white flowers are sensitive to the wind and frost. In areas outside the Mediterranean very few trees bear fruit. The olive is green at first darkening as it ripens.
One can distinguish the wild olive (Olea Europea) as it is much bushier in shape and has thorns and small bitter fruits. Bonsai enthusiasts have used this tree for a long time.